Agrarian Relations in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th and by Vera P. Moutafchieva

By Vera P. Moutafchieva

Publication by way of Moutafchieva, Vera P.

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103 Registration of the Timar As it was the central government that granted, transferred, extended, and withdrew timars, just as it exercised control over growth in revenue from the feudal rent of the miriye lands, which was due to population growth and the cultivation of waste land, it is obvious that its special departments exercised strict control over the condition of the timars. These departments were included in the defterhane, the institution in charge of state income and expenditure. Registers of the timars were kept in three separate offices of the defterhane: icmal kalemi, mufassal kalemi, and ruznamqe kalemi.

Entire new villages were established, too. ry, the so-called mejkufcu. They also collected the feudal rent from those timars that had temporarily remained untenanted. liS However, practice shows that, in many cases, the local. sipahis also collected the income from village households that were not registered in their name, which led to frequent arguments between the mefkufcu and the timar holders}16 On the other hand, practice also shows that the unregistered households were frequently included in separate new timars even before the due registration had taken place}17 The Official Status of the Timar As far back as the decree that history considers to have been written by Osman I, it was stated that "he to whom a timar is granted cannot be deprived of it without a reason, while he is able [to carry out his obligations].

Consequently, the division in question made some of the timar holders subordinate to other timar holders, and thus established a kind of feudal hierarchy in the timar system. 103 Registration of the Timar As it was the central government that granted, transferred, extended, and withdrew timars, just as it exercised control over growth in revenue from the feudal rent of the miriye lands, which was due to population growth and the cultivation of waste land, it is obvious that its special departments exercised strict control over the condition of the timars.

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