By Rob Vos, Jose Antonio Ocampo, Ana Luiza Cortez
This book is an authoritative research of the social and fiscal implications of worldwide elevated lifestyles expectancy. will we offer adequate pensions for previous humans to reside comfortably? How can outdated humans be empowered to play a extra confident position in society? what's going to the function of grandparents be within the rising new social structures? What are the results for health and wellbeing companies? How can the very outdated be cared for? delivering a wealth of statistical and quantitative facts and compiled by means of major economists operating on the vanguard of this quarter, the authors argue that those demanding situations aren't insurmountable, yet societies in every single place have to installed position the necessary regulations to confront those demanding situations successfully.
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Additional resources for Ageing and Development
Distribution of the working-age population by age group for the world and groups of countries, 1950-2050 Source: United Nations (2005a). Note:The graphs show estimates (until 2005) and medium-variant projections (after 2005) Numbers of men and women Because women usually live longer than men, they significantly outnumber men at older ages. 7). Not only are women more likely than men to survive to age 60, but having once reached that age they can expect to live longer than similarly aged men. Consequently, the proportion of women in the older population tends to rise substantially with advancing age.
Time period required for the proportionof the populationaged 65 years or over to increase from 7 to 14 per cent and from 14 to 21 per cent, selected countries Sources: United Nations (2005a); unpublished tabulations for United Nations (2004a); US. Census Bureau (1 992). 20 Ageing and Development ageing for selected countries in the developing and developed regions of the world. In many developed countries, ageing has proceeded historically at a moderate pace. In France, for example, it took over a century for the share of the population aged 65 years or over to increase from 7 to 14 per cent, and it is projected that another 40 years will be required for the share to reach 21 per cent.
This recent crossover presages a sharp rise in the future total dependency ratio, which is projected to increase in parallel with the old-age ratio. By 2050, Europe's total dependency ratio is expected to be 77, a very high value similar 34 Ageing and Development to that of most developing countries in the 1960s, but in this case determined mainly by a high proportion of older persons rather than of children. The historical paths followed by the total dependency ratio are similar in South-eastern Europe and CIS.