Access to Justice in Iran: Women, Perceptions, and Reality by Sahar Maranlou

By Sahar Maranlou

This booklet bargains a serious and in-depth research of entry to justice from foreign and Islamic views. present Western versions have highlighted the mechanisms in which contributors can entry justice; in spite of the fact that, entry to justice comprises a variety of conceptions of justice and of the clients of justice. This publication evaluates the historic improvement of the justice area in Iran and discusses a variety of matters, corresponding to the functionality of the justice area, judicial independence, potency and accessibility, normative defense, including an research of boundaries. It explores the criminal empowerment of clients, with a particular specialise in girls, and provides the findings of a survey learn at the perceptions of Iranian girls. This learn is designed to target women's uncomplicated criminal wisdom, their familiarity with criminal process, their perceptions of cultural limitations, the problems that impact their choice for mechanisms of formal or replacement dispute recommendations, and their point of delight with their selected classes of motion.

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Johnson, 1978: 284) The third wave of development in access to justice extended legal representation to “diffuse interests,” first in the United States with the establishment of public interest firms in the 1970s. The public interest law initiative was aimed at “providing mechanisms, both governmental and private, to protect the diffuse interests of consumers, environmentalists, and other traditionally unrepresented or underrepresented groups” (Cappelletti and Garth, 1981: 11) in North America and Europe.

The 1970s’ literature regarding legal aid based on the liberal vision for realising the notion of equality before the law was optimistic (Regan, 1999). However, some commentators, such as Johnson (1978), who documented the history of the OEO legal service program in the United States, questioned the quality of justice the American poor received: Are they [America’s poor] to be entitled to equal justice only when their causes are minor or consonant with the philosophy of the ruling political party?

57 The Quran contains different verses regarding the principle of legality and the principle of non-retroactivity, such as: “We never punish until we have sent a messenger” (17:15). 58 The next chapter explains the presumption of innocence under the Islamic Law embodied in the Iranian legal system. 56 Access to Justice Perspectives 37 (8) prompt judicial proceedings; (9) cross-examination of the case; and (10) the right of appeal. ” This Hadith is interpreted to mean that there is a legal duty to protect life, property, and honour.

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