A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume I: by Kerry Kuehn

By Kerry Kuehn

This ebook presents a chronological advent to the sciences of astronomy and cosmology in line with the analyzing and research of vital decisions from vintage texts, resembling Ptolemy’s The Almagest, Kepler’s Epitome of Copernican Astronomy, Shapley’s Galaxies and Lemaître’s The Primeval Atom.

Each bankruptcy starts off with a brief advent by means of a examining choice. conscientiously crafted examine questions draw out key issues within the textual content and concentration the reader’s consciousness at the author’s equipment, research, and conclusions. Numerical and observational workouts on the finish of every bankruptcy try out the reader’s skill to appreciate and follow key techniques from the text.

The Heavens and the Earth is the 1st of 4 volumes in A Student’s advisor during the nice Physics Texts. This publication grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to motivate a serious and circumspect method of usual technology, whereas even as getting ready scholars for complicated coursework in physics.

This e-book is especially compatible as a college-level textbook for college kids of the traditional sciences, historical past or philosophy. It additionally serves as a textbook for complicated high-school scholars, or as a thematically-organized source-book for students and inspired lay-readers. In learning the vintage medical texts integrated herein, the reader should be drawn towards a life of contemplation.

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Nor again is a change in the movement as a whole admissible. Retardation is always due to incapacity, and incapacity is unnatural. The incapacities of animals, age, decay, and the like, are all unnatural, due, it seems, to the fact that the whole animal complex is made up of materials which differ in respect of their proper places, and no single part occupies its own place. If therefore that which is primary contains nothing unnatural, being simple and unmixed and in its proper 14 2 The Shape and Motion of the Heavens place and having no contrary, then it has no place for incapacity, nor, consequently, for retardation or (since acceleration involves retardation) for acceleration.

What does this imply about the generation and decay of such bodies? b) More generally, what is the role of contraries in the generation and decay of substances? c) How does Aristotle use the term “motion”? Specifically, is all motion necessarily “locomotion”? In what sense are alteration and decay also types of “motion”? d) Are Aristotle’s views on the age of the heavens consistent with the observations of the ancients? e) What, then, is the substance of the heavenly bodies? Is it one of the four earthly substances?

Vigour 8. Rectilinear 9. Grace 1 10. Concordance 11. Inanimate 12. Corroboration 13. Pythagorean 14. Gibbous 15. Serial 16. Coan 17. Consummation I have used Chapman, D. ), Observer’s Handbook, Royal Astronomical Society of Canada, 2013. 2 For example, Sinnott, R. , Sky and Telescope’s Pocket Sky Atlas, New Track Media, LLC, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 2006. 3 For directions on constructing and using a simple, low-cost, cross-staff, see the Exercises of Chap. 7 of this volume. Chapter 4 Earth at the Center of the World Any body endowed with weight, of whatever size, moves toward the center.

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