A Sociology of Japanese Youth: From Returnees to NEETs

During the last thirty years, while Japan has produced a various set of teenage cultures that have had an important influence on pop culture around the globe, it has additionally constructed a succession of stripling difficulties that have resulted in significant issues in the kingdom itself. Drawing on designated empirical fieldwork, the authors of this quantity set those concerns in a truly articulated ‘social constructionist’ framework, and placed forth a sociology of eastern early life difficulties which argues that there's a definite predictability in regards to the method within which those difficulties are found, outlined and dealt with.

The chapters comprise case stories overlaying concerns such as:
• Returnee teenagers (kikokushijo)
• Compensated courting (enjo kōsai)
• Corporal punishment (taibatsu)
• Bullying (ijime)
• baby abuse (jidō gyakutai)
• The withdrawn early life (hikikomori) and
• NEETs (not in schooling, employment or training)

By reading those quite a few social difficulties jointly, A Sociology of eastern formative years explains why specific formative years difficulties seemed once they did and what classes they could supply for the learn of stripling difficulties in different societies.

This e-book may be of massive curiosity to scholars and students of eastern society and tradition, the sociology of Japan, jap anthropology and the comparative sociology of youngster studies.

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Extra info for A Sociology of Japanese Youth: From Returnees to NEETs (Nissan Institute/Routledge Japanese Studies)

Example text

Miyadai, S. )’, Chapter 6, Seifuku Sho¯jotachi no sentaku. (The choice of the school uniform girls), Tokyo, Kodansha. Morita, Y. and K. Kiyonaga. (1994) Ijime–Kyo¯shitsu no Yamai. (Bullying–the illness of the classroom) Tokyo, Kaneko Shobo¯. Nakajima, A. (1991) Communication-fuzen sho¯ko¯gun (Communication Deficiency Syndrome), Tokyo, Chikuma Shobo¯. Noguchi, Y. (2008) ‘Bakuhatsu suru amai sekai zo¯shoku: shikei shikko¯ “Miyazaki Tsutomu” kara “Akiba” made no 20 nen’ (The proliferating ‘sweet’ world: the death sentence–tracing the 20 years from the image of “Miyazaki Tsutomu” to “Akiba”), AERA, 30 June.

Individual youth problems proceed as ‘waves’ of collective attention, characterized by relatively short episodes of moral panic, followed by longer two- to three-year policy cycles, after which some issues wane and others re-emerge The British sociologist Stanley Cohen argued in his 1972 book that modern societies appear to be periodically subject to ‘moral panics’, where: [a] condition, episode, person or group of persons emerges to become defined as a threat to social values and interests; its nature is presented in a stylized and 18 Tuukka Toivonen and Yuki Imoto stereotypical fashion by the mass media; the moral barricades are manned by editors, bishops politicians and other right-thinking people; socially accredited experts pronounce their diagnoses and solutions; ways of coping are evolved or (more often) resorted to; the condition then disappears, submerges or deteriorates and becomes more visible.

4 Behind the sudden statistical increase in the number of ijime incidents lay a changing context regarding the meaning of the ‘child’ and ‘individual rights’ which shifted the power of different agents involved in defining and measuring the ‘problem’. Although there has been a general levelling off in the attention afforded to ijime since the 2006 crisis wave, awareness of one emergent sub-categorical type of ijime – netto ijime (cyber-bullying), which exploits the use of mobile text messages and internet sites (ura saito – unofficial sites, and purofu – profiles) as well as blogs – has grown rapidly since 2007 (Okada 2008).

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