A Simplified Grammar of the Ottoman-Turkish Language by James W. Redhouse

By James W. Redhouse

The Ottoman Language is the main hugely polished department of the nice Turkish tongue, that is spokon, with dialectic adaptations, around the entire breadth, approximately, of the center quarter of the continent of Asia, impinging into Europe, even, within the Ottoman provinces, and likewise, in Southern Russia, as much as the frontiers of the outdated country of Poland. The Ottoman language is, in its grammar and vocabulary, essentially Turkish. It has, even if, followed, and keeps an increasing number of to undertake, as required, an enormous variety of Arabic, Porsian, and overseas phrases (Greek, Armenian, Slavonic, Hungarian, Italian, French, English, etc.), including using a number of the grammatical ideas of the Arabic and Porsian, that are given as Turkish ideas within the following pages, their beginning being in every one case detailed. the nice Turkish language, turkje, Ottoman and non-Ottoman, has been classed, through eu writers as one of many " agglutinative" languages ; no longer inflTable of Contents Preface ; word on identification of Alphabets xii; bankruptcy I Letters and ORTnooiurnr; part I quantity, Order, Forma, and Names of; Letters 1; Synopsis of Arabic, Greek, and Latin; Letters four; ? II Phonetic Values of Letters, Vowel-Points, Orthographic indicators, Transliteration, Ottoman Euphony 15; bankruptcy IL Ottoman Accidence; part I Nouns great fifty one; ? II Nouns Adjective GS; ? III Numerals seventy four; , IV Pronouns eighty two; vi; desk of contents; part V Demonstratives 8b; ? VI Interrogatives 89; ? VII Relative Pronouns ninety; ? VIIIDerivation of Verbs ninety two; (Table) ninety four; ? IX Conjugation of Verbs ; Moods; Tenses ;; Participles; Verbal Nouns; Gerunds ninety nine; ? X Numbers aiul Tersons a hundred and fifteen ? XI advanced different types of Verbs , 119; ? XII First advanced type one hundred twenty ? XIII moment ? ? one hundred twenty five; ? XIV 3rd ? 129; ? XV mixed (Turkish) Conjugation 133; ? XVI damaging and Impotential Conjugations , one hundred thirty five; ? XVII Dubitative, strength, and Facile Verbs 141; ? XVII I Verb substantial one hundred forty four; ?

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According to Ahmedi: He took Sivas and Tokat from the Rum. Conquering Canik he arrived in Samsun. Since that one was also conquered by him, he returned to his country. That Sultan conquered all the cities and regions as far as the frontiers of Antaliye. He also took Alas*ar, Saruhan, Aydin, Mentes*e and Germiyan. Even Kastamoniye was 26 THE NATURE OF THE EARLY OTTOMAN STATE conquered by him. . Because he arrived in the cities of Karaman, he took Konya and Larenda, too. 39 Because he appends to this litany a rationale: “because that is the way state affairs should be, according to him,” one senses a not too well concealed tone of disapproval.

43 By far the most damning account of Bayezid’s irreligiosity is the widely known story concerning a warning given him by his saintly sonin-law Emir Sultan. Reportedly, before embarking on his Nicopolis campaign in 1396, Bayezid vowed that should his endeavor succeed he would build twenty mosques. Following his victory he had instead constructed the Ulu Cami in Bursa with its twenty domes. ” Emir Sultan replied: “No my Sultan, everything is all right. ” Completely undaunted, Emir Sultan replied: “My sultan, one’s heart is similar to a house of God; for one to drink forbidden wine turns it into a meyhane, and one’s body into a temple of idolatry.

Rather, it resembles a nasihatname (book of advice for rulers), in that it is designed to encourage his intended patrons (first Bayezid and then Wittek Revisited: His Utilization of ÿskendernâme 31 Prince Süleyman) to look westward. As such the gaza topos is just that, a literary convention within which he guardedly proffers his thinly veiled warning that the fall of Bayezid had been caused by his turning the force of arms against his Muslim neighbors in Anatolia and the Mamluke world, rather than by concentrating on the continued westward expansion of the state.

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