By International Development Research Centre
Booklet by means of foreign improvement examine Centre
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Extra info for A Decade of Reform: Science & Technology Policy in China
It also helped us identify any gaps within the system. Concept of a national system of innovation and its use as a policy framework There have been many attempts in industrialized countries to concisely define an NSI. OECD (1994, p. ‖ An alternative, somewhat fuller definition (OECD 1994, p. 3) is a system of interacting private and public firms (either large or small), universities and government agencies aiming at the production of science and technology within national borders. Interaction among these units may be technical, commercial, legal, social and financial, inasmuch as the goal of the interaction is the development, protection, financing or regulation of new science and technology.
A second model could be based on the Liaoning and Shaanxi experiences. Both provinces have had abundant S&T assets, especially those controlled by the centre. In addition to having S&T assets, they have been centres of strategic and domestic high-technology industries. However, both provinces have been slow in reform and are less well integrated into the international economy. The provincial governments seem to have less money to induce cooperation from central units. The Shenyang branch of CAS, for instance, seems oriented much more toward the central CAS than toward provincial concerns.
Source: Tegard (1995). in research at the frontiers of science in areas considered to be likely sources of future technological development of economic or social importance (strategic research). China should carefully examine the utility of this experience as it moves to further institutional reform in its S&T system. Role of national key laboratories, ERCs, and national research centres The S&T-reform process has given rise to three institutional innovations that have been superimposed on the existing extensive and complex organizational structure of Chinese S&T.