A Brief History of the Late Ottoman Empire by M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

By M. Şükrü Hanioğlu

On the flip of the 19th century, the Ottoman Empire straddled 3 continents and encompassed remarkable ethnic and cultural range one of the envisioned thirty million humans residing inside its borders. It used to be possibly the main cosmopolitan country within the world--and in all probability the main risky. a short background of the overdue Ottoman Empire now provides students and basic readers a concise background of the past due empire among 1789 and 1918, turbulent years marked by way of amazing social switch. relocating prior typical remedies of the topic, M. Skr Hanioglu emphasizes large historic developments and strategies greater than unmarried occasions. He examines the imperial fight to centralize amid strong competition from neighborhood rulers, nationalist and different teams, and international powers. He appears heavily on the socioeconomic alterations this fight wrought and addresses the Ottoman reaction to the demanding situations of modernity. Hanioglu indicates how this heritage isn't just necessary to comprehending glossy Turkey, yet is necessary to the histories of Europe and the area. He brings Ottoman society marvelously to existence in all its facets--cultural, diplomatic, highbrow, literary, army, and political--and he mines imperial information and different records from the interval to explain it because it really used to be, no longer because it has been portrayed in postimperial nationalist narratives. a quick heritage of the past due Ottoman Empire is a must-read for an individual trying to comprehend the legacy left during this empire's ruins--a legacy the realm nonetheless grapples with this day.

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19533 (1818). 23 In much of the rest of the empire, we find a pattern of strong governors compelling the central government to grant them various degrees of autonomy. In Baghdad, successive governors appointed an ever-growing number of slaves (Mamluks) imported in this case from Georgia, to important positions in government. The able Süleyman Pasha, appointed by the central government in 1749 to stem the rising tide of disorder, did so with the help of a massive influx of slaves. Ömer Bey, who eventually succeeded him as governor, further institutionalized the Mamluk role in Baghdad, which came to resemble the Mamluk position in Egypt, particularly in terms of the extent of autonomy from the Ottoman center and the strong local impulse toward modernization.

33a). 24 pieces of clothing (six furs, ornamented shirts, ornamented robes, dustcoats, an ornamented drawer band, a scarf, pieces of wool, and handkerchiefs) 13 personal items (pieces of gold, a gold belt, gold bracelets, gold jewelry ornamented with diamonds, pearls, and emeralds, jewels, a small towel, ornamented saddle bags) 9 household items (six wool cushions, one big cushion, a mat, and a quilt) 4 pieces of hardware (a copper tray, a ritual ablution bowl, a ewer, and a copper food dish) Summary Estate Inventories from Hicrî 1215 (1800–1801) 1.

608–13. indd 11 8/23/2007 8:15:57 PM 12 Chapter One of the Hijāz was essential for the legitimacy of the Ottoman sultans who, unable to trace their lineage back to the Prophet Muhammad, based their claim to the Caliphate on their custodianship of the Two Holy Sanctuaries of Mecca and Medina. The Ottomans administered the Hijāz through the Sharifs of Mecca, and distributed large sums of money and handsome gifts on a regular basis in an effort to gain favor with the local population. But Ottoman rule of the peninsula met a vigorous challenge at the turn of the century.

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